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The European Commission has approved a new fisheries control plan for Ireland, according to the State’s regulator.

The Sea-Fisheries Protection Authority (SFPA) says that the new control plan will allow Ireland’s fisheries sector benefit from a derogation which provides an exemption from weighing on landing for 95% of pelagic landings.

The derogation also affects a proportion of demersal fish landings.

“Should operators wish to avail of the derogation, the new control plan will instead facilitate the weighing of the vast majority of fish after road transport in permitted establishments, unless directed otherwise at landing by an officer of the SFPA,” it says.

“Having now been formally approved by the EU Commission, this new control plan will come into effect on 1st January 2023,” it says.

The existing interim control plan remains in place up to December 31st, 2022, it noted.

The move comes after a draft control plan was submitted to Brussels in September of this year.

The SFPA said it has held “several engagements with industry representatives and operators to ensure that they are provided with details of the requirements of the new control plan”.

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Fisheries expert Dr Kevin Flannery has expressed concern at a potential duplication of effort in the decision to set up a new group to prepare for the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) review.

“Much work was accomplished by the recent seafood task force, and that group worked very well together and was very well informed,” Flannery, who was a member of the task force, noted.

“It would have saved a lot of time and effort if that grouping had been kept together by Minister for Marine Charlie McConalogue,” he said.

The new CFP review group was announced on February 9th by Mr McConalogue. It is to be chaired by John Malone, former secretary-general of the Department of Agriculture.

Fisheries expert Dr Kevin FlanneryFisheries expert Dr Kevin Flannery

He will be assisted by a steering committee comprising Mr Micheál Ó Cinnéide, former director of the Marine Institute and Environmental Protection Agency, and Mr Donal Maguire, former Bord Iascaigh Mhara director.

The group will involve representatives of stakeholders, including producer organisations, the National Inshore Fisheries Forum, the aquaculture industry, co-ops, and the seafood processing industry. It will also include representatives of environmental NGOs.

Its remit is to examine the issues that arise for Ireland in the context of the CFP Review, to advise the minister on priorities for the negotiations, and to identify strategies most likely to influence the outcome of the review.

Flannery said that much depends on the terms of reference for the EU CFP review, and initial council meetings suggested that it would take a conservative approach.

During a visit to Ireland in late September 2021, EU Commissioner for Fisheries Virginijus Sinkevičius said he “cannot promise” any fundamental change.

“We’ll do a review, and we will be listening to stakeholders’ concerns, and we’ll look at certain changes, but I cannot promise we will be reopening the CFP,” the commissioner said.

“Fishermen have to go through a lot to comply with the rules, and I think it would be unfair to make many changes, so I take a very cautious way here, and only after a review is done and gaps are identified can we take additional action,” the commissioner added.

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The current dire condition of the Naval Service led Ireland to rely on a European Union (EU) ship to help patrol its fishing zone for the first time this year.

According to the Irish Times, the Irish Sea-Fisheries Protection Authority (SFCA) requested and received the support of the European Fisheries Control Agency (EFCA) in patrolling Irish waters on four occasions between January and March in 2021.

This was considered necessary because “the Naval Service could not commit to increase its patrol days at sea under a joint-EU initiative co-ordinated at EU level by EFCA.”

It was the first time Ireland had to rely on the EFCA’s vessel (Afloat can reveal as the Lundy Sentinel). 

The revelation was contained in a blunt assessment from the Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine to the Commission on the Defence Forces which is examining the future role and capabilities of the Irish military.

Fishery protection is the core role of the Naval Service, which has been hit particularly hard by the manpower crisis impacting the entire Defence Forces.

Last year there was a 25 per cent decrease in the number of fishery patrols carried out by the Naval Service compared to 2019.

For more on this notable first fishery patrol duty performed by the EFCA in Irish waters, click here.

Published in Navy

The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine’s latest Annual Review and Outlook for the fisheries sector is a generally positive one — though tempered by the challenges of Brexit and the coronavirus.

Published today, Thursday 8 October, the review cites CSO figures for 2019 which put the value of Irish seafood exports at €577 million with increases in the value of both salmon and mackerel, Ireland’s most valuable export catches.

Mackerel’s 7% value increase was particularly remarkable as it came despite an 8% drop in volume, following a reduction of the quota by one fifth — thanks in part to a bullish market in Asia.

Shellfish exports had a challenging year in 2019, however, with volumes and values down significantly in the oyster sector.

The coronavirus pandemic has seen similar challenges experienced across the fisheries and aquaculture sectors over the course of 2020 thus far.

“Nonetheless, in spite of the difficulties, the fishing industry has continued to keep food in our shops and on our tables during this extraordinary time,” the report says.

“This has highlighted the vital role that the fishing industry plays in the food chain. This, in turn, underscores the importance of ensuring the sustainability of our fish stocks.

“Due to the closure of the food service sector around the world during the pandemic and transportation issues, exports of fish from Ireland were down around 20% in value during the first four months of 2020.”

Meanwhile, Brexit remains a serious concern, with fears that more than 70% of the Irish fishing fleet could lose access to their regular grounds in UK waters in the absence of a deal on fisheries.

The report outlines: “The UK demand is that quota shares are established on the basis of ‘zonal attachment’ and each year access to the UK fishing grounds are ‘purchased’ using the transfer of EU quota to the UK as recompense for this access.

“If the UK zonal attachment demand was applied, it would have huge negative consequences on Irish fisheries because the UK could claim a much higher proportion of the available fishing quotas for each stock each year.”

It continues: “The UK ‘zonal attachment’ claim is based on the level of catches taken from UK waters. If this criterion was used, it would result in Irish fish quotas being cut by 35% in value.

“The displacement of the EU fleet from the Irish exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and/or the reduction in EU quota shares, if remedial measures are not taken, is likely to lead to serious over-exploitation of stocks in our own EEZ; deliver substantial cuts to many of our quotas; [and] cause a substantial control challenge for the Irish navy, and potentially conflict at sea.”

The report also comes on the same day that the High Court struck down the ban on larger vessels fishing within Ireland's six-mile nautical limit, as reported earlier on Afloat.ie, which could have significant conseqences for Ireland's inshore fishing fleet.

The department’s 2020 review and outlook for fisheries and aquaculture can be found attached below, and the full review is available from the DAFM website HERE.

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The European Commission president has warned the British government not to backtrack on its commitments in the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement pertaining to fishing rights, among other issues.

Ursula von der Leyen spoke out on Twitter as a furore has grown over leaked diplomatic cables seen by the Guardian which indicate that the UK intends to hold back on compromise on outstanding issues such as fisheries to provoke a last-minute “trade off”.

As the final round of negotiations gets under way in London today, Tuesday 8 September, Whitehall has also been accused of “introducing” a new “concept” with regards to access for European fishing fleets in British waters — which intersect with Irish waters in a number of key areas.

The UK government position is apparently now that “80% of the common stocks” are designated as “priority stocks” for British fishermen.

The Guardian has much more on the story HERE.

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Bord Iascaigh Mhara (BIM), Ireland’s Seafood Development Agency, is to host a webinar on Wednesday 9th September 2020 at 2 pm on how the role of cultural values can be integrated more in small-scale fisheries management.

The webinar, which will be chaired and facilitated by BIM and organised by the Cabfishman project, will address the role of cultural values in the management of small-scale fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic and how these values can be more adequately accounted for.

Commenting on the Cabfishman project and webinar, Richard Curtin, Senior Economist with BIM said, “The Cabfishman project is an important international project with partners from Spain, Portugal, France and the UK, addressing common issues facing the small-scale fleets along the Atlantic. A crucial element of the project is the assessment of cultural heritage associated with the sea, fishing and the small-scale fleets and how to value that contribution so it can be accounted for in decision-making and policies and that is something which we are going to explore in this webinar.”

“One of the tasks of the project is to collate examples of cultural heritage and to create an open-access library of these examples that can be added to overtime. From an Irish perspective, we have collated over 400 examples, ranging from artwork by Paul Henry and others, traditional craftsmanship such as currach making, to ancient fishing knowledge such as ‘marcanna na tallamh’.”

This webinar, organised by the Cabfishman project, financed through the INTREREG Atlantic Area Programme, aims to address several questions via the following presentations:

Speakers and topics:

  • Evaluating the cultural services of small-scale fisheries in the Atlantic Area – David Castilla (University of Huelva)
  • Do small-scale fisheries need yet another research project? From output to outcome through stakeholder involvement – Marta Ballesteros (CETMAR Foundation)
  • Do cultural values play a role in Small Scale Fisheries Management? – Norah Parke (Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation)

The webinar is open to the public to attend and fishers, managers, officials, and those with an interest in the future co-management of small-scale fisheries in Ireland are actively encouraged to attend. To register for the free event visit here

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Marine Minister Dara Calleary today announced the award of grants worth €1.2 million to 93 local community groups and micro-enterprises by six of the seven Fisheries Local Action Groups established under Ireland’s European Maritime and Fisheries Fund Programme. The grants are co-funded by the Government of Ireland and the European Union.

Announcing the first tranche of grant awards for 2020, Minister Calleary said, “The FLAG Scheme under my Department’s EMFF Seafood Development Programme is unique in having representatives of our traditional fishing communities make the funding award decisions so that vital local funding gets to the many community development groups and events in our fishing communities, together with important development funding to micro-enterprises involved in fisheries and aquaculture, marine tourism and marine leisure activities. The one thing that unites all these projects is their contribution to the economic and social development of traditional fishing communities, which is what the FLAG scheme is all about.”

Minister Calleary added, “The FLAG Scheme has been operating for just a few years now and with its €12 million allocation under my Department’s EMFF Programme, it has gone from strength to strength. This is testament not just to the demand for such local development funding but very much to the hard work of the local volunteers to make up the boards of each of our seven FLAGs.

FLAG NORTH

Applicant

Project Title

Support Rate %

Investment

Grant

Arranmore Country Fest

Festival

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Ardara Community Centre

Upgrade roof at Ardara Community Centre

80

€4,900.00

€3,920.00

Ardara Walking Festival

Festival

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Greencastle Golf Club

All Ireland Fisherman Golf Seafood Buffet

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Inishowen Community Media Network (ICMN)

Croi na Farraige/Heart of the Sea - Digital Media Maritime Heritage Project & TV Documentary

80

€12,250.00

€9,800.00

Inishowen Maritime Heritage Co

Exhibition space enhancement

80

€5,670.00

€4,536.00

Awake Tourism

Stage for Heritage Centre

80

€10,251.00

€8,200.80

Hugh Boyle Painter and Decorator

Equipment

40

€4,800.00

€1,920.00

Forest View Lodges

Forest View Lodges

40

€16,500.00

€6,600.00

Malin Head Community Association Ltd

Tourist Map for the Malin Head Area

80

€1,961.85

€1,569.48

Carrigart Development Association

Carrigart Development Association Environmental & Tourism Project

80

€2,089.77

€1,671.82

Scoil Mhuire Buncrana

Scoil Mhuire Sailing Centre

80

€10,416.24

€8,332.99

Malin Head Fishermans Co-operative Society

Equipment Roller Doors

60

€8,142.00

€4,885.20

Inver Community Centre Company Limited by Guarantee

Inver Community Centre - Enhancing an Existing Community Asset

80

€4,995.64

€3,996.51

Comharchumann forbartha Ghaoth Dobhair

Athnuachan ar chóras séarachais ag an Chrannóg

80

€11,200.00

€8,960.00

Comharchumann na nOileán Beag

Féile Ghabhla / Gola Island Festival 2020

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Comharchumann Oileán Árainn Mhór CTR

Tourist Information Booklet

80

€1,992.00

€1,593.60

Kilcar Kayaks

Equipment and Training

80

€19,122.00

€15,297.60

Coiste Halla Paróiste

Energy Renewal Programme

80

€2,814.00

€2,251.20

Forbairt Dhún Lúiche

Ionad Pobail Dhún Lúiche & Féile an Earagail

80

€4,892.93

€3,914.34

Forbairt Dhún Lúiche

Féile an Earagail

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Glenties Cardiac First Responders

Purchase of Training/Life Saving Equipment

80

€18,719.61

€14,975.68

Donegal Dragons

Donegal Dragons Safety Boat

80

€16,500.00

€13,200.00

Cumann Staire agus Seanchais na nOileán

Gola Picnic Area

80

€2,300.01

€1,840.00

JK Engineering

Environmentally Efficient Generator and Plasma

50

€12,960.00

€6,480.00

Oidhreacht Thoraí (Tory Island Festival of Football Organising Committee)

Féile Peile Oileán Thoraí / Tory Island Football Festival

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Donegal Women in Business Network

Core business skills for women in business

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Foresters Community Hall Ltd CLG

Installation of a Kitchen

80

€21,460.00

€17,168.00

Gola Island Outdoor Education

Safety Boat Outboard Engine

50

€10,440.00

€5,220.00

Comharchumann forbartha Ghaoth Dobhair

Plean Gnó do Thogra Turasóireachta ag Teach Mhuiris, Cnoc Fola

80

€18,000.00

€14,400.00

18th Donegal Moville Port Sea Scouts

RYA Level 1 & 2 Power Boat, RYA Foundation Safety Rescue Training, RYA Sail T

80

€4,800.00

€3,840.00

Áislann Chill Chartha

Riverside Cáfe, The Áislann

80

€12,756.00

€10,204.80

Uachtar Reoite Bunglas

Uachtar Reoite Bunglas

40

€22,497.00

€8,998.80

Comharchumann Thoraí Teo

Féile Soilse Thoraí 2020

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Comharchumann Thoraí Teo

Oíche Fhéile Eoin - Tory Island Seafood Festival 2020

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

Teach Bhillie

Féile Ceoil Ghort a Choirce

80

€2,500.00

€2,000.00

         
   

Total

€287,430.05

€203,776.82

 

FLAG WEST

Applicant

Project Title

Rate

Total Cost

Grant Aid

Blue Water Fishing

Replacement Engines for Angling Vessel Blue Water

50

€92,288.00

€46,144.00

Cruzco Adventure Limited trading as West Coast Aqua Park

West Coast Adventures

 

 

FLAG SOUTH

Applicant

Project Title

Rate

Total Cost

Grant Aid

Dursey Ferry Ltd

Boat Trips & Tour

50

€36,334.00

€18,167.00

Kieran O'Sullivan Bait Store

Bait Store & Refrigeration

50

€3,462.00

€1,731.00

Ballycotton Harbour (Port Authority: Cork County Council)

Provision of insulation fish boxes for local fishermen

100

€4,950.00

€4,950.00

Ger Coughlan Fisherman

Online operation

40

€657.00

€262.80

Fish Seafood Deli Ltd t/a The Fresh Fish Deli

Business Expansion

50

€94,497.29

€47,248.65

Bantry Bay Boat Hire Limited

Bantry Bay Boat Hire Limited

50

€991.00

€991.00

The Lobsters Tale

The Lobsters Tale

50

€10,166.15

€5,083.08

Ballycotton Seafood

Retail Store Fit-Out & Development of Artisan Seafood Products

50

€122,156.00

€61,078.00

Myross Rowing Club

Safety Boat and Boat Storage Shed

80

€40,204.19

€32,163.36

Owen Martin O'Sullivan

West Coast Fish and Chips

50

€45,995.00

€22,997.50

Le Jusant Ltd

Freezer Room for storage of frozen at sea prawns ashore

50

€11,585.00

€5,792.50

         
   

Total

€370,997.63

€200,464.89

 

FLAG SOUTH EAST

Applicant

Project Title

Rate

Total Cost

Grant Aid

The Waterford Motor Boat & Yacht Club

The up grading of the toilet facilities for marina users

80

€20,460.09

€16,368.07

Wicklow County Council

Angling Survey of Wreck Fishing East Coast of Ireland

70

€9,000.00

€6,300.00

Blue Mind Dunmore - SUP and Yoga

Blue Mind Dunmore - SUP & Yoga

50

€16,205.59

€8,102.80

Sigginstown Castle

Sigginstown Castle Renovation

40

€115,734.00

€46,293.60

Helen Mason Art

Helen Mason Art Website, Social Media Management & Exhibition

50

€7,792.50

€3,896.25

Bunmahon Surf School

New premises for Bunmahon Surf School

50

€17,342.80

€8,671.40

The Jolly Roger Smokehouse

The Jolly Roger Smokehouse

50

€13,104.76

€6,552.38

Ealga C. Fishing Ltd

Upgrade Business and Equipment

50

€157,389.00

€78,694.50

Hook Rural Tourism

Marine Tourism Promotional Boat Trips

80

€4,725.00

€3,780.00

Hook Rural Tourism Ltd

Hook Rural Tourism Brand Activation

80

€15,660.00

€12,528.00

The Irish Experience

The Irish Experience Tour Expansion Plan

50

€18,422.90

€9,211.45

         
   

Total

€395,836.64

€200,398.45

 

FLAG SOUTH WEST

Applicant

Project Title

Rate

Total Cost

Grant Aid

John Fitzgerald

Seaweed Knife & spoon handle project

50

€1,789.00

€894.50

Mara Beo Teo Dingleworld Aquarium

Marine Educational Outreach programme

50

€20,047.00

€10,023.50

The Boathouse Cromane

Promotion and Equipment

50

€10,564.49

€5,282.25

Dingle Sea Salt Co. / Salann Mara an Daingin

Adding value to fisheries and aquaculture-related products

50

€21,947.76

€10,973.88

Tralee Rowing Club (Cumann Ramhaíochta Thrá Lí)

Tralee Rowing Club

50

€10,000.00

€5,000.00

Skellig Michael Cruises Ltd

Eco Wild Life  boat Tours to see Puffin Island, Kerry Cliffs and Trans Atlantic cable

30

€65,000.00

€19,500.00

Dingle Oceanworld Aquarium

Interactive and virtual ocean education

50

€13,444.00

€6,722.00

The Star Marina Ltd t/a Star Outdoors

Safety boat and aqua park

35

€25,220.00

€9,037.50

Tehan Partners

Teleporter Purchase to support a mixed fishery operation

40

€61,500.00

€24,600.00

Coiste Forbartha na Sceilge CLG

Reen Pier Development

80

€60,000.00

€48,000.00

Kenmare Tidy Towns

ECOTELLY – Virtual Aquarium, Kenmare Bay Marine Life - Public Art

80

€7,796.63

€6,237.30

Callinafercy Rowing Club

Seine Boat Restoration

50

€9,792.00

€4,896.00

Maharees Conservation Association CLG

A Placename (Logainm) Study of Maharees

80

€8,235.00

€6,588.00

Irish Elasmobranch Group

Irish Sharks and Rays booklet

80

€840.00

€672.00

         
   

Total

€316,175.88

€158,426.93

Grand Total

€2,317,592.18

 

€1,230,040.13

 

Published in Fishing
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The Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Dara Calleary T.D, held discussions, by video link, with EU Fisheries Commissioner Virginius Sinkevičius on Ireland’s fisheries priorities. The Minister focused on the issues for fisheries in the ongoing EU negotiations with the UK on a possible future fisheries agreement.

Minister Calleary explained the serious concerns Ireland has with the possible implications arising from the UK departure from the EU and its potential impact on the Irish Fishing Industry.

Minister Calleary said “I explained to Commissioner Sinkevičius that I had met representatives of Ireland’s fishing sector yesterday and heard at first hand the substantial impacts if there were significant changes to the current quota shares and access to waters arising from the EU/UK negotiations. I made clear to the Commissioner that we are placing our full reliance on Mr Barnier and the Commissioner delivering on the agreed EU negotiation mandate that sets down clearly the EU objective to “uphold existing reciprocal access conditions, quota shares and traditional activity of the Union fleet”.

The Minister emphasized the absolute necessity that fisheries not be negotiated in isolation from the other elements of the Future Relationship. Minister Calleary said “I appreciate that we are facing very challenging negotiations on fisheries. I made clear that we are seeking that the EU leverage the wider EU/ UK Future relationship to secure the interests of the Irish and EU fishing sector. I assured Commissioner Sinkevičius of my full commitment and co-operation in working to deliver a fisheries agreement that protects the interests of the Irish fishing sector now and into the future.”

The discussion also covered other fisheries priorities including the EU funding package for the seafood sector, including COVID related supports; the negotiations on a new EU Control framework and control challenges facing Ireland, which were raised by the Commissioner; and finally the very strong commitment to progressing further our joint EU commitment to sustainable fisheries.

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EU Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly has expressed “regret” that EU fisheries ministers failed to adopt her office’s demand for more transparency in dealing out annual catches and quotas in EU waters.

Ms O’Reilly’s comments follow the EU Council’s refusal to accept a recommendation by her office for greater transparency in the lead up to the annual catch and quota negotiations under the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).

Ms O’Reilly has confirmed her finding of “maladministration” against the EU Council and has expressed disappointment that the council had failed to respond positively.

“It suggests the Council has failed fully to grasp the critical link between democracy and the transparency of decision-making regarding matters that have a significant impact on the wider public,” Ms O’Reilly said.

“ This is all the more important when the decision-making relates to the protection of the environment,” she said.

“The Council’s position appears to be that a key democratic standard - legislative transparency - must be sacrificed for what it considers to be the greater good of achieving a consensus on a political issue,” she said.

Late last year, the EU Ombudsman’s office said that the EU Council should “proactively” release documents on annual fishing quota negotiations into the public domain.

The documents should be made public at the same time as they are circulated to member states, or “as soon as possible thereafter” to “promote greater transparency of environmental information”, it noted.

The recommendation followed a complaint by non-profit environmental law organisation ClientEarth, which has offices in London, Brussels, Warsaw, Berlin and Beijing.

The EU Ombudsman investigation was opened last May after the lawyers’ organisation raised the issue of “many years of unexplained fishing quotas, set above the scientific advice for the recovery and long-term sustainability of fish populations”.

The finding in favour of the complainant took the view that since the documents in question are “legislative documents” and contain environmental information , “wider and more timely access should be granted”.

The investigation also considered the documents to “contain environmental information within the meaning of the Aarhus Regulation” on access to information, public participation and access to justice in environmental matters.

It noted that complainant ClientEarth was concerned that not only did the EU’s fisheries council fail to “provide timely access to legislative documents”, but also “has in place an incomplete and unsatisfactory register of documents”.

In its defence, the EU Council argued that proactively releasing documentation could “seriously undermine” decision-making by ministers at the annual December negotiations.

It argued that it could “delay the successful outcome of Council deliberations, as member states need to balance different interests at stake for more than a hundred fish stocks in preparing their initial positions”.

It said that it could expose the Council to “external pressure” as “the context in which the negotiations take place is highly politicised and subject to external attention”.

It said it would also “require a comprehensive case-by-case assessment of the individual information ....to verify whether or not exceptions laid down in the EU rules on access to documents prevent such a disclosure” and would require consultation with “relevant participants”.

ClientEarth environmental democracy lawyer Anne Friel welcomed the EU Ombudsman ‘s “stance against the Council’s lack of transparency”.

“But we regret that despite taking crucial decisions for the future of our planet, the Council of the EU still refuses to open its decision-making to public scrutiny, dubiously claiming that it would delay or influence the process,” Ms Friel said.

“Every year, some member states push for fishing catch limits above scientific advice, undermining the sustainability of our ocean and fisheries sector without being held accountable. As a result, the EU has failed to meet the 2020 deadline to end overfishing,” she noted.

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EU ministers have signed off on Brussels' red lines in advance of the forthcoming post-Brexit trade talks with the UK.

The proposals, reports The Irish News, put into writing warnings by Michel Barnier, the European Union's chief negotiator, that Britain must sign up to a "level playing field" in any free trade agreement.

The level playing field stipulation could see Brussels attempt to bounce the UK into following some EU rules and standards after the Brexit transition period ends in 2021, a concession the Prime Minister has already ruled out.

In its negotiation mandate, the EU stated that any future relationship with the UK should be "underpinned by robust commitments to ensure a level playing field for open and fair competition, given the EU and the UK's geographic proximity and economic interdependence".

On fisheries, the EU General Affairs Council, at its meeting yesterday, also agreed to negotiate to "uphold the existing reciprocal access to waters" - a move that is set to flare tensions between the UK and EU.

More on this story here which also reported that Simon Coveney said the EU was making a 'generous and fair' offer to the UK.

Published in Fishing
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Marine Science Perhaps it is the work of the Irish research vessel RV Celtic Explorer out in the Atlantic Ocean that best highlights the essential nature of marine research, development and sustainable management, through which Ireland is developing a strong and well-deserved reputation as an emerging centre of excellence. From Wavebob Ocean energy technology to aquaculture to weather buoys and oil exploration these pages document the work of Irish marine science and how Irish scientists have secured prominent roles in many European and international marine science bodies.

 

At A Glance – Ocean Facts

  • 71% of the earth’s surface is covered by the ocean
  • The ocean is responsible for the water cycle, which affects our weather
  • The ocean absorbs 30% of the carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere by human activity
  • The real map of Ireland has a seabed territory ten times the size of its land area
  • The ocean is the support system of our planet.
  • Over half of the oxygen we breathe was produced in the ocean
  • The global market for seaweed is valued at approximately €5.4 billion
  • · Coral reefs are among the oldest ecosystems in the world — at 230 million years
  • 1.9 million people live within 5km of the coast in Ireland
  • Ocean waters hold nearly 20 million tons of gold. If we could mine all of the gold from the ocean, we would have enough to give every person on earth 9lbs of the precious metal!
  • Aquaculture is the fastest growing food sector in the world – Ireland is ranked 7th largest aquaculture producer in the EU
  • The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean in the world, covering 20% of the earth’s surface. Out of all the oceans, the Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest
  • The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. It’s bigger than all the continents put together
  • Ireland is surrounded by some of the most productive fishing grounds in Europe, with Irish commercial fish landings worth around €200 million annually
  • 97% of the earth’s water is in the ocean
  • The ocean provides the greatest amount of the world’s protein consumed by humans
  • Plastic affects 700 species in the oceans from plankton to whales.
  • Only 10% of the oceans have been explored.
  • 8 million tonnes of plastic enter the ocean each year, equal to dumping a garbage truck of plastic into the ocean every minute.
  • 12 humans have walked on the moon but only 3 humans have been to the deepest part of the ocean.

(Ref: Marine Institute)

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