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Bearna Community Welcomes Decision to Overturn Moves to Allow Development Within 15 metres of the Coastline

25th April 2022
The SOS Bearna delegation handing in a petition to Galway County Hall
The SOS Bearna delegation handed in a petition to Galway County Hall in March

Community group SOS Bearna has welcomed a decision by Galway county councillors to overturn a decision to permit the building to within just 15 metres of the shoreline.

A setback of 30 metres from the shore has been reaffirmed for the new Galway county development plan following discussion at last week’s meeting of local authority members.

The move has been welcomed by Green Party county councillor Alastair McKinstry, and by the local community group which had initiated a campaign over the issue.

SOS Bearna had pointed out that it was not against development, but wished to ensure promised green coastal space would be provided for in the new county development plan.

The controversy arose after a Galway County Council special meeting last January, when Cllr McKinstry submitted a motion seeking a minimum 50-metre setback from the foreshore boundary wall.

Cllr McKinstry, a climate scientist at NUI Galway, pointed out that this was required in the light of global warming and rising sea levels, along with changing storm patterns.

In response, Independent councillor Tomás Ó Curraoin proposed that the existing building setback of 30 metres be changed to 15 metres from the foreshore boundary wall in the interests of further development of the coastal village.

A council official strongly recommended against a 15-metre setback, pointing out the recommended distance was 30 metres, according to minutes of the special meeting.

A total of 19 councillors voted for Cllr Ó Curraoin’s proposal, while nine councillors voted against and seven abstained.

A petition by SOS Bearna collected several thousand signatures opposing the 15-metre setback.

The petition was presented to the local authority as part of a concerted community campaign to highlight the need for the long-promised coastal park or cycleway.

The residents also pointed out that Bearna’s existing sewage treatment system is already under strain, and Irish Water was forced to respond to an overflow after the recent storms and heavy rain in February.

Commenting on last week’s decision to maintain the 30-metre setback, SOS Bearna spokesman Ian Foley said that “as a community, we are delighted”.

He said the community appreciated the councillors’ “diligence in understanding the issues affecting Bearna, including lack of amenities, environmental concerns and issues relating to the sewage station”.

“We would like to particularly thank the people of Bearna for their overwhelming support, and for engaging in a courteous and informed manner with the county councillors,” Mr Foley said.

“We also acknowledge the patience of the county councillors in dealing with the voluminous correspondence received concerning this matter,” he said.

“It is important that all parties engage going forward towards the ultimate goal of providing much-needed amenities for the residents of Bearna and visitors alike, and that all proposed future development is sustainable and supported by adequate infrastructure and amenities, and considers and respects the environment and the community as a whole,” Mr Foley said.

Listen to the Community group SOS Bearna talking with Lorna Siggins on a recent Wavelengths podcast for Afloat here

Lorna Siggins

About The Author

Lorna Siggins

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Lorna Siggins is a print and radio reporter, and a former Irish Times western correspondent. She is the author of Everest Callling (1994) on the first Irish Everest expedition; Mayday! Mayday! (2004) on Irish helicopter search and rescue; and Once Upon a Time in the West: the Corrib gas controversy (2010).

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Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) - FAQS

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are geographically defined maritime areas where human activities are managed to protect important natural or cultural resources. In addition to conserving marine species and habitats, MPAs can support maritime economic activity and reduce the effects of climate change and ocean acidification.

MPAs can be found across a range of marine habitats, from the open ocean to coastal areas, intertidal zones, bays and estuaries. Marine protected areas are defined areas where human activities are managed to protect important natural or cultural resources.

The world's first MPA is said to have been the Fort Jefferson National Monument in Florida, North America, which covered 18,850 hectares of sea and 35 hectares of coastal land. This location was designated in 1935, but the main drive for MPAs came much later. The current global movement can be traced to the first World Congress on National Parks in 1962, and initiation in 1976 of a process to deliver exclusive rights to sovereign states over waters up to 200 nautical miles out then began to provide new focus

The Rio ‘Earth Summit’ on climate change in 1992 saw a global MPA area target of 10% by the 2010 deadline. When this was not met, an “Aichi target 11” was set requiring 10% coverage by 2020. There has been repeated efforts since then to tighten up MPA requirements.

Marae Moana is a multiple-use marine protected area created on July 13th 2017 by the government of the Cook islands in the south Pacific, north- east of New Zealand. The area extends across over 1.9 million square kilometres. However, In September 2019, Jacqueline Evans, a prominent marine biologist and Goldman environmental award winner who was openly critical of the government's plans for seabed mining, was replaced as director of the park by the Cook Islands prime minister’s office. The move attracted local media criticism, as Evans was responsible for developing the Marae Moana policy and the Marae Moana Act, She had worked on raising funding for the park, expanding policy and regulations and developing a plan that designates permitted areas for industrial activities.

Criteria for identifying and selecting MPAs depends on the overall objective or direction of the programme identified by the coastal state. For example, if the objective is to safeguard ecological habitats, the criteria will emphasise habitat diversity and the unique nature of the particular area.

Permanence of MPAs can vary internationally. Some are established under legislative action or under a different regulatory mechanism to exist permanently into the future. Others are intended to last only a few months or years.

Yes, Ireland has MPA cover in about 2.13 per cent of our waters. Although much of Ireland’s marine environment is regarded as in “generally good condition”, according to an expert group report for Government published in January 2021, it says that biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation are of “wide concern due to increasing pressures such as overexploitation, habitat loss, pollution, and climate change”.

The Government has set a target of 30 per cent MPA coverage by 2030, and moves are already being made in that direction. However, environmentalists are dubious, pointing out that a previous target of ten per cent by 2020 was not met.

Conservation and sustainable management of the marine environment has been mandated by a number of international agreements and legal obligations, as an expert group report to government has pointed out. There are specific requirements for area-based protection in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), the OSPAR Convention, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. 

Yes, the Marine Strategy Framework directive (2008/56/EC) required member states to put measures in place to achieve or maintain good environmental status in their waters by 2020. Under the directive a coherent and representative network of MPAs had to be created by 2016.

Ireland was about halfway up the EU table in designating protected areas under existing habitats and bird directives in a comparison published by the European Commission in 2009. However, the Fair Seas campaign, an environmental coalition formed in 2022, points out that Ireland is “lagging behind “ even our closest neighbours, such as Scotland which has 37 per cent. The Fair Seas campaign wants at least 10 per cent of Irish waters to be designated as “fully protected” by 2025, and “at least” 30 per cent by 2030.

Nearly a quarter of Britain’s territorial waters are covered by MPAs, set up to protect vital ecosystems and species. However, a conservation NGO, Oceana, said that analysis of fishing vessel tracking data published in The Guardian in October 2020 found that more than 97% of British MPAs created to safeguard ocean habitats, are being dredged and bottom trawled. 

There’s the rub. Currently, there is no definition of an MPA in Irish law, and environment protections under the Wildlife Acts only apply to the foreshore.

Current protection in marine areas beyond 12 nautical miles is limited to measures taken under the EU Birds and Habitats Directives or the OSPAR Convention. This means that habitats and species that are not listed in the EU Directives, but which may be locally, nationally or internationally important, cannot currently be afforded the necessary protection

Yes. In late March 2022, Minister for Housing Darragh O’Brien said that the Government had begun developing “stand-alone legislation” to enable identification, designation and management of MPAs to meet Ireland’s national and international commitments.

Yes. Environmental groups are not happy, as they have pointed out that legislation on marine planning took precedence over legislation on MPAs, due to the push to develop offshore renewable energy.

No, but some activities may be banned or restricted. Extraction is the main activity affected as in oil and gas activities; mining; dumping; and bottom trawling

The Government’s expert group report noted that MPA designations are likely to have the greatest influence on the “capture fisheries, marine tourism and aquaculture sectors”. It said research suggests that the net impacts on fisheries could ultimately be either positive or negative and will depend on the type of fishery involved and a wide array of other factors.

The same report noted that marine tourism and recreation sector can substantially benefit from MPA designation. However, it said that the “magnitude of the benefits” will depend to a large extent on the location of the MPA sites within the network and the management measures put in place.

© Afloat 2022

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